History of world currencies vs gold

From 1900 to the end of 2019, all currencies lost their value relative to gold.

The British Pound lost 99.63% and the US dollar 98.64%. Even worse, for the Japanese Yen and the French Franc.

The German currency lost its value completely twice and is about to go for a third time !

The German Mark called the Goldmark (backed by gold) was introduced in 1873. With the outbreak of World War I, the Mark was taken off the gold standard and became the Papiermark and briefly the Rentenmark in 1923.

The German currency lost all of its value.

From 1924, a new currency appeared, the Reichsmark. The German currency also lost all of its value and disappeared in 1945.

In 1948, a new currency appeared, the Deutsche Mark. In 1999, this currency became the Euro (at a rate of 1.95583 DM for one €). The German currency will probably lose all of its value for the third time. So far, it has lost 94.9% of its value relative to gold.

What about the Swiss Franc, the strongest currency in the world? 

The mighty Swiss Franc has lost 92.69% of its value relative to gold during the period 1900-2019.

So, gold, the “barbarous relic” has proven to be really useful to keep the purchasing power over the years.

All my english articles : https://www.crottaz-finance.ch/blog/category/english/

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Long term UK stocks vs #Gold

 

A very close friend sent me some graphs and comments and I think it is valuable to read it.

I would like to present you the longest chart I have on a stock market:  The British stock market.

The first chart is the stock market index in nominal terms.

Before the 20th century, stocks were a different investment. They were judge to be risky and had to offer big dividend yields to compensate for the risk. Dividend yields on stocks were higher than bond yields. But at the time, money was linked to gold (most of the time).

In the 20th century, everything changed.

During WWI, the gold standard was abandoned to finance the war.

Different attempts to link money to gold were tried at different times and at different prices.

Finally, in 1971, the gold standard was totally abandoned.

Money became totally fiat.

With no more restriction, money could be printed and printed which lead to the accelerating destruction of its purchasing power (see 2nd chart).

And log scale (awful view or the 99% loss, accelerating from around 1914)

If you take account of that, the performance of stocks over the long term (so in real terms) is quite different (see 3rd chart).

Now, in the last chart, I would like to show you how British stocks have performed against gold (see 4th chart). Here again, we have a totally different picture.

Some of you can say that I have to take in account the dividends received (if someone has the long datas with dividends, I would be glad to provide the information) but also we have to take in account some frictions like safe keeping feees, purchasing fees etc.)

There are times to own stocks, others to own gold…

Source : https://www.globalfinancialdata.com/

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